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Whether you’ve got a balcony, a pocket handkerchief size plot or rolling acres, our calendar will ensure you get all those essential jobs done at the right time of year.

In January there are plenty of jobs that need to be done in the garden to give you a great head start for the coming year. Take a look at January’s Garden Advice;

 

1.    Recycle your Christmas tree by shredding it for mulch.

2.    Dig over any vacant plots that have not been dug already. Turning the soil will expose pests to hungry birds, helping you keep your pest population under control.

3.    Protect any tender plants with fleece or take them into the greenhouse.

4.    Prune Apple and Pear trees while they are dormant, between leaf fall and bud burst, and apply Winter tree wash and pheromone moth traps. Now is a great time to do this.

5.    Use this time to carry out any repair work in your garden. Fix fences, garden gates and furniture now, ready for the Spring

6.    Plan, plan, plan! Whilst you’ve got some time spare, take a minute to plan your garden for Spring time planting. Bow Garden Centre have a large selection of seeds in store to choose from, so you can start planning now!

7.    Get your propagation needs now - such as seed compost, plant pots and trays. Be prepared so that you are ready to get ahead for the season.

8.    If you have planted potatoes in planters take them into the greenhouse to avoid them getting frost damage.

9.    Continue to provide food and water for birds. It’s particularly hard for them this time of year with the cold weather conditions and reduction in the number of food sources accessible to them.

January

In January there are plenty of jobs that need to be done in the garden to give you a great head start for the coming year. Take a look at January’s Garden Advice...

February is a great time to get ahead in the garden in time for Spring’s arrival. Take a look at these tips on what needs doing in the garden this February, courtesy of Bow Garden Centre;

1. Prepare vegetable beds by removing all weeds and forking in plenty of compost. Once finished, cover prepared soil with sheets of recyclable black plastic to keep it drier and warmer in preparation for Spring planting.

2. In raised beds, the soil warms up faster and water drains quickly, so they are ideal if you want to make an early start in the garden. Bow have new Vegepods and raised bed kits, ideal for raised gardening.

3. Start outdoor sowings of early crops.

4. Chit seed potatoes - Bow have a wide range of varieties available.  

5. If it’s not too wet, you can plant out Summer bulbs with gravel and bulb fibre underneath to stop them rotting when it's wet OR pot them up and put them in the greenhouse to give them a head start.

6. Pot up containers, hanging baskets and pots with lovely Spring bedding plants such as, Violas, Pansies, and Primroses. An easy way to cheer up areas with no colour.

7. Once they’ve finished flowering, prune Winter-blooming shrubs like Viburnum, Skimmia, Daphne and heathers.

8. Keep roses and other flowering shrubs healthy by sprinkling slow-release fertiliser around the bases.

9. Net winter cabbages and broccoli to protect them. We have a full range of netting available.

10. Continue to leave out plenty of food and water for the wild birds in your garden, particularly in cold weather conditions, where it’s a good idea to check that there’s plenty of food twice a day.

February

February is a great time to get ahead in the garden in time for Spring’s arrival. Take a look at these tips on what needs doing in the garden this February.

1. Prepare your vegetable garden – Dig compost or well-rotted manure into your vegetable beds to prepare for the growing season ahead.

2. Beware of the evening frost and be sure to protect any tender plants with fleece or by taking them into the greenhouse.

3. Keep on top of pruning climbing plants and tidy up Winter shrubs. March is a great month to prune varieties such as Sambucus, Buddleia, Hydrangea or Fuchsias.

4. Prune Rose bushes from mid-March, making sure any dying or diseased stems are removed as well as shoots which have become damaged. Fertilise soil well with organic compost and rose feed to their base.

5. The first lawn trims, lawn feeding and lawn sanding should start in March during dry weather in order to promote healthy lawn growth through the year.

6. Bare patches in your lawn can attract weeds so new turf or re-seeding now along with good watering will repair these patches and prevent any new weeds from becoming a problem for your lawn. 

7. Continue deadheading Spring flowers and any remaining Winter bedding so they don't set seed.

8. Once the soil starts to warm up again, you start to plant early varieties of seed potatoes, shallots and onion sets in your vegetable garden. Later Seed potatoes require a little more chitting.

9. Lift and divide overgrown clumps of perennials.

10. Protect new bulb shoots from insects and slugs with our pest control range including, natural and organic products.

March

March is an exciting time with Spring around the corner and Spring bulbs cheering up the borders. Take a look at these tips on what needs doing in the garden this March

1. Apply a general-purpose fertiliser to borders and beds. Feed shrubs & roses, Bow have a large selection including, organic feeds.

2. Plant Summer-flowering bulbs, if not done already, and sow hardy annuals and herb seeds now.

3. If planting new trees, roses or shrubs use Mycorrhiza (a symbiotic fungus) to ensure healthy root growth, Empathy Rootgrow is available at Bow.

4. Prepare beds for the growing season. Dig in at least a 5cm layer of compost, and work in a general-purpose fertiliser, such as 6x, Growmore, or fish, blood and bone.

5. If you haven’t done so already, cut back any dead foliage on perennials and ornamental grass plants to make way for new growth.

6. Honeysuckle and Clematis will be putting on growth now, so tie new stems to train them along their supports.

7. Protect fruit blossom from late frosts by covering them with horticultural fleece on cold nights.

8. Continue deadheading spring bulbs and bedding, so they don't waste energy setting seed.

9. Clean ponds, and then add aquatic plants such as Waterlilies and Irises.

10. Make good use of April Showers... Attach guttering to sheds and greenhouses and install waterbutts. Rainwater is much less harsh on plants, as it doesn’t contain the chemicals that tap water does.

April

April is a busy month in the garden, with the beginning of Spring coaxing out beautiful blooms, and fingers crossed some lovely weather too! Take a look at these tips on what needs doing this April.

1. Plant up your Summer bedding plants once all danger of frost has passed. Keep deadheading them regularly to help them flourish all Summer long.

2. Clear and replace Spring bedding from borders when it fades, and fork in a general fertiliser.

3. Protect less hardy plants from late frost by positioning them in elevated sunnier spots, and use fleece when frost is forecast.

4. Earth up potatoes, and promptly plant any maincrop or 2nd earlies still remaining.

5. Now is the optimum time for pruning your hedges, but make sure to check for nesting birds before you start trimming. Prune each stem individually on young hedging and only use shears if you have an established hedge.

6. Keep on top of watering during dry spells – invest in a water butt to collect any rain water if you don’t already have one. Using saucers under pots with thirsty plants and ensuring new hedging is watered regularly during the first year will help ensure you have a beautiful blossoming garden for Summer.

7. Start mowing the lawn more regularly, and apply lawn feed; you can also compost some of your cuttings.

8. Keep on top of weeds, and hoe your beds regularly, as well as using preventative weed killers such as, Resolva weed preventer.

9. Protect your plants from slugs using natural friendly alternatives such as, Lava-Lite No-Slugs or Plant Grow Slug & Snail.

10. Plan a garden project now such as, a patio, shed or summerhouse. Get your garden furniture and BBQ now in time to enjoy them for the Summer.

May

May is an exciting time in the garden with new blooms, longer evenings & Summer just around the corner! Take a look at these tips on what needs doing this May.

1. Mow your lawn at least once a week, invest in a new mower if necessary. Feed regularly and re-seed larger areas, use an easy spreader for an even spread.

2. Plant up hanging baskets, make sure you use water retaining granules and a slow release feed to help them flourish all Summer. Fill any empty containers you have with new Summer bedding.

3. Pinch out your tomatoes regularly, harvest any lettuce, radish and early potatoes and any other salads that are ready. Feed with Tomorite or Fruit & Veg Feed.

4. Get Summer ready & make any major changes to your garden such as new patios, garden buildings, and furniture.

5. Water plants regularly to ensure they grow and bloom. Invest in a Hozelock automatic watering system to ensure the job is done early mornings and late evenings, when the sun is down.

6. Cut back spring-flowering perennials, to encourage fresh foliage.

7. Start to pick Sweet Peas as soon as they flower, and dead-head roses if they are repeat-flowering roses to encourage more blooms.

8. Remove any dead foliage from Spring flowering bulbs, with the exception of Daffodils and Tulips which could be left a little longer, but do take off any seed-heads that may appear. If possible, it is best to allow the foliage to naturally die back.

9. Keep the greenhouse well ventilated during the day as temperature fluctuations caused by hot temperatures in the day, then cool at night could very well affect tomato plants fruiting.

10. Stay on top of weeding so your plants don’t have to compete for water & nutrients.

June

The weather is really warming up now and we are enjoying spending the long evenings out in the garden. In between relaxing, here are a few garden jobs that need doing during the month of June...

1. Make time for regular weeding so they won’t have time to set seed.

2. Keep on top of watering, but avoid at sunny times of the day. Early morning and late evening watering are recommended to reduce evaporation. Add mulch around plants to retain moisture.

3. Continue deadheading bedding plants and repeat-flowering perennials, like Roses, to ensure continuous flowering throughout the season.

4. Summertime means that everything will be growing extremely fast. As a result, mow your lawn once a week to keep it in good health.

5. Water any trees, shrubs and perennials that you planted in Spring. Keep the base well watered and avoid wetting the leaves as they don’t absorb water well, and can encourage fungal diseases. 

6. Keep your garden abuzz with wildlife by ensuring bird feeders are topped up and bird baths are full, as birds in particular relish gardeners’ efforts, using bird baths to both hydrate and cool down.

7. Start sowing biennials, such as foxgloves, forget-me,nots & wallflowers, for beautiful blooms next year.

8. Dahlias will be growing well - to produce more flowers, cut the first bloom to a very short stem (avoid cutting into the flower buds below.)

9. Cover two thirds of your pond with pond plants to help prevent & build up of algae.

10. Now is a great time to get planting some Autumn bulbs in pots & borders including, nerines, colchicums & sternbergia.

July

July is a wonderful time to enjoy your flourishing garden & catch up with friends and family over a BBQ. Make the most of the (hopefully) good weather, and take a look at these tips on what needs doing in the garden this month

1. Deadhead flowering plants like roses and petunias regularly to encourage them to flower.

2. Don't forget about your hanging baskets. If you water, deadhead and feed them regularly they will last much longer, even into the Autumn. If there is a real heat wave your summer baskets will need watering twice a day – early morning and evenings are best.

3. Even if it rains, pots and hanging baskets don't get enough water as foliage acts like an umbrella, so keep checking on them to ensure they are moist. Keep up regular watering, particularly for containers and new plants. Stored up rainwater is normally best if you have a water butt.  Use an irrigation system for ease to ensure regular watering, especially useful if you are going on holiday.  

4. Feed your baskets and containers regularly with Miracle Gro to encourage flowers to bloom into early Autumn. In the height of Summer, feed once a week with a liquid feed.  Do this early morning or late evening, never in the heat of the day.

5. Give herbs and lavender a light prune after flowering. Cut back any perennials that have already finished for the year.

6. Enjoy environmentally friendly gardening with peat-free alternatives. Make a difference with either Sylvagrow, Coco Boost, or New Horizon peat-free compost. We recommend adding top soil to peat-free compost to maximise growing success and help prevent plants drying out.

7. Zap those weeds whilst they are in a stage of active growth. If you prefer to pull up the weeds by hand wait until after a summer shower when the soil is moist as the weeds are easier to pull, or use a hoe. Bow also have a range of natural weedkillers available, which protect wildlife.

8. Spray Provanto (or set traps with upturned pots loosely stuffed with hay) to stop earwig damage to Dahlia blooms.

9. Clean your patio, or terrace with Patio Cleaner and treat decks with decking stain. Ensure that any moss and algae is cleared off, stopping it getting slippery in the Winter.

10. Make sure you schedule some me-time too!  When the weather is good, get together with friends or family for a barbecue, or relax on some new garden furniture admiring all of your hard work.

August

Summer is in full swing and there are lots of jobs to be done in the garden. Take a look at our August jobs list...

1. September is an ideal time to plant new shrubs and trees, or move existing. These plants will get off to a flying start for next Spring, as they will have had all Winter to settle in. We have an expanded range of shrubs and trees, so it’s worth a visit!

2. Roses including climbing, rambling and standard should be pruned down to just above a 5 leaf shoot, once they've finished flowering. Prune late-Summer flowering shrubs, and any dead or diseased growth. Give evergreen hedges a final trim to make sure they are in good shape for Autumn.

3. Now is the time to use Winter tree wash to remove insect debris, dust and wax which insects use to secure their eggs. Suitable for use on all plants, but particularly evergreens, it removes contaminants from the leaf surface to increase light exposure and encourage photosynthesis. Also use Seal & Heal to seal any tree wounds, and protect pruned branches against ingress of diseases and harmful pests such as coral spot and silver leaf. Use Greasebands & Moth Pheromone Traps on trees as a pest barrier for fruit trees – these pesticide-free grease bands & traps are ideal for organic gardeners and effectively trap winter moths and other insects.

4. Refresh hanging baskets, pots and borders with colourful Autumn bedding. 

5. Repair any brown-looking grass and patches on your lawn now, using Patch Repair, grass seeds, and lawn feed, all available in-store. Scarify off heavy moss or thatch.  

6. Keep your garden looking tidy by gathering up leaves from lawns and pathways now. Use a garden vacuum or rake, and leaf collector to help make the job easier.

7. Rain is great for your flowers, but it encourages weeds too! Continue tackling weeds with weed killers (including some natural alternatives) or weeding tools such as Weed Slice or Weed Burners, designed to make the hard work of tackling weeds easier.

8. Now is the ideal time to be planting perennials, bulbs and seeds so that they flower in time for Spring next year (save tulip bulbs for Oct/Nov planting). We have a wide range now in store, so you can choose your favourite display of colours, and beautiful fragrances.

9. Cover your pond using a pond net to protect it from leaves falling. Debris can result in algae and sludge which, if left for long enough, will reduce oxygen levels and harm your fish. Pond vacuums also help to maintain a clear healthy pond this time of year.

10. Clear out your greenhouse and clean the glass to increase the amount of sunlight coming in. Also get to work on removing any pests and disinfect inside your greenhouse. Get bubble wrap ready for Winter insulation in your greenhouse.

September

While there's not as much to do in the ornamental garden in September, if you have a fruit or vegetable patch, you'll be busy reaping the rewards of harvest. Take a look at our garden advice for September.

1. Rake up fallen Autumn leaves and collect them with a garden vacuum, turning them into leaf mould. 

 2. Provide frost protection to any tender plants or bring them into your greenhouse if possible. Insulate your greenhouse with bubble wrap. We also have fleece and frost jackets available in store to help.

3. If you haven’t already, now is a great time to invest in a compost bin – left over harvest, leaves and cuttings will get your compost off to a fantastic start!

4. Clear out Summer annuals and replant with Winter Bedding plants, available in store now.

6. Plant Spring flowering bulbs now if you haven't already - it's not too late!  We have a range of bulbs and planting aids to help make this job a breeze. Don’t forget to cover ground bulbs with bark mulch to protect against frost.

6. Use Autumn feed to treat and help protect your lawn against moss. It's also your last chance to mow the lawn before Winter fully sets in. Cut the lawn slightly higher than in Summer to help protect against frost. It’s also a good time to trim hedges.

7. Protect garden furniture, BBQ’s, chimineas, and water features with covers. We have a selection of covers available in store now.

8. Harvest any remaining fruit you have before it perishes. Use Kilner Jars and their accessories to make jams and chutneys to enjoy throughout the year.

October

October is a beautiful time of year. With it, it brings a real change in temperature and leaves changing colour and dropping, meaning more clearing up and raking! Take a look at our October garden jobs here...

1. Plant Autumn/Winter bedding, and Tulip bulbs now.

 2. Insulate your outdoor containers to protect from frost, using bubble wrap or fleece.

 3. Plant Shrubs, Trees, and Fruit trees; before the ground becomes too cold & wet (we have a large range now in)

4. Prune Roses to prevent windrock/ root damage by pruning them by one-third.

5. Cut down perennials, allowing you to clear any weeds found, then mulch the surrounding soil with bark or strulch.

6.  Harvest root vegetables, Autumn brassicas, Oriental leaves, and late-season salad crops (new season's seed collections are now in)
7. Pick Autumn raspberries, sow broad bean seeds outdoors, and plant garlic and rhubarb crowns.

8. In case of increasing rainfall raise containers onto pot feet to prevent waterlogging.

9. Keep on top of leaf raking and keeping your pond clear of all debris.

10. Continue to supply wildlife with food and shelter as they can struggle this time of year.

November

With colours changing and leaves falling, a lot happens in our gardens in November. Take a look at our tips on what needs doing in the garden this November.

1. Add more Winter colour such as, cyclamen, violas, pansies, and wallflowers to brighten up your garden.

2. Watch out for pale blotches and fuzzy grey mould on leaves of Winter-flowering pansies that can be symptoms of downy mildew. Remove infected leaves as soon as discolouration appears.

3. Use fleece for frost protection wrapping around less hardy plants and insulate greenhouses with bubble wrap.

4. Continue planting trees, shrubs and hedges (see our selection in store, including many evergreen).

5. During Winter pruning do not forget to remove mummified fruit that remained on branches, and continue checking supports and ties of cane fruit, grape vines and fruit trees trained against walls.

6. Clear debris to prevent slugs and snails from setting up home in damp conditions! However it is important to leave some cover for other wildlife.

7. Prune any dormant perennial plants to help improve their growth next season.

8. Help prevent Christmas plants such as azaleas, Christmas cacti, and indoor cyclamen going over by keeping them cool at 13-15C (55-59F). In particular, forced bulbs such as daffodils, amaryllis and hyacinths require lower temperatures.  We have lots of Christmas plants, bulbs and gift plants in store now.

9.  Grab a pond heater if you have a pond to prevent ice forming, leaving an air hole free for toxic fumes to escape.

10. Take care not to let leaves accumulate, especially around alpines - they will die if left damp for long. Cover bare patches around clumps with gritty compost to encourage regrowth.

December

Planting evergreen trees and shrubs creates all year-round colour. Take advantage of any mild spells with our December Garden Advice...

Gardening Calendar